Poliomyelitis is a highly infectious disease that most commonly affects children under the age of 5, caused by a virus that affects the nervous system and is mainly spread by person-to-person contact.Polio can also be spread by drinking water or other drinks or eating raw or undercooked food that are contaminated with the feces of an infected person. Although there is no cure, there is a safe and effective vaccine – one which Rotary and our partners use to immunize over 2.5 billion children worldwide, since 1988.
What is World Polio Day? World Polio Day is celebrated on October 24th. World Polio Day was established by Rotary International to commemorate the birth of Jonas Salk, who led the first team to develop a vaccine against poliomyelitis. Use of this inactivated poliovirus vaccine and subsequent widespread use of the oral poliovirus vaccine, developed by Albert Sabin, led to the establishment of the Global Polio Eradication Initiative ( GPEI ). The GPEI, launched in 1988, has five spearheading partners: the WHO, Rotary, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), UNICEF and Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.
Types of poliovirus: There are three types of wild poliovirus. Type 2 wild poliovirus last occurred in October 1999 and was certified eradicated in September 2015. Type 3 wild poliovirus has not been found since November 2012, suggesting that only Type 1 wild poliovirus continues to circulate.
Upto June 2017, Rotary’s Contribution: US$ 2.2 Billion; Total Polio Spent – US$ 15.7 billion ( Rotary’s Contribution is 14% ); Private Contribution: US$ 5.24 billion ( Rotary’s contribution out of this Private Contribution is 42% )
Rotary’s Funds are not used for Purchase of Vaccine but provides grant funding to WHO and UNICEF for the following activities:
In 2017, more than 430 million children were vaccinated in 39 countries using almost two billion doses of oral polio vaccine. The number of polio cases has declined by more than 99.9% from over 350,000 in 1985 to 22 ( in Afghanistan and Pakistan) in 2017. Since 1988, the number of polio endemic countries declined from over 125 countries to three in 2017 (Nigeria, Pakistan, Afghanistan). But No Polio Cases in Nigeria from, July 2016 onwards.
It costs an average of US$3.00 to fully protect a child against polio, including the cost of the vaccine and activities required to deliver the vaccine.
If polio is not eradicated, within 10 years, as many as 200,000 children could be paralyzed by it each year. To protect global progress, the program vaccinates more than 400 million children across 60 countries every year, and conducts disease surveillance in more than 70 countries
We, at the Rotary World Peace Minutes Project, Rotary Club of Madras Midtown, RI Dist 3232, Chennai, India working for World Peace, through one’s Inner Peace - supports this END POLIO NOW initiative, to bring in Lasting Peace, by quickly ending the war on Polio by the total eradication of the dreadful disease.
Let us take up the Challenge of each of us Contributing US $ 2 for 2 Polio drops to reach US$ 10,000 in donations and pledges within the 24 hours on the World Polio day of 24th Oct 2018 and more than US$ 100,000 before the 23rd Feb 2019 - being the Rotary World Peace Minutes Day.
Accept this Challenge NOW to Register for The Rotary World Peace Minutes project at www.rotaryworldpeace.org, contribute to the Polio Fund of The Rotary Foundation at rotary.org & COMPLETE THE CHALLENGE BY ALSO GETTING AT LEAST 10 OF YOUR CONTACTS TO DO THE SAME.